Any visitor, whether a relative, advocate, professional, utilities worker, inspection officer or other coming into the Home needs to be greeted pleasantly and asked who they are and who they wish to see. If there are doubts, the Person in Charge should be involved. Any person who tries to enter the Home in an official capacity must show identification, including a photo where appropriate. A check can be made with the appropriate Authority where there is a doubt about the validity of the identification.

Employees have a ‘duty of care’ to themselves and others which is enshrined in the Health and Safety Act 1974. The employee must be aware of the Homes Health and Safety Policies, and act in accordance with law, organisational policy and good practice.

Each activity has a risk to it. The employer and employee must prior to any activity, carry out a risk assessment on the work involved. Some activities carry written risk assessments and some will be verbal and or thought processes. Whichever form is used any risk must be minimised.

When carrying out a process or activity, any hazards are accounted for and analysed. If there are any then they will be removed from the area, and the area made safe prior to the process or activity takes place.

All equipment and materials must be used in the proper manner. All rules and guidelines must be carried out in full. All activities should meet legal and organisational requirements. Safety is paramount and using any equipment or material must be done or handled correctly.

All equipment and materials must be stored safely and securely when not in use.

Any waste or spillage must be disposed of, cleaned or wiped away immediately in a manner that is safe for the individuals and client’s.

Any Health and Safety risk should be dealt with without delay. The actions to minimise risk must be appropriate to the situation, i.e. areas that need cleaning, should be cleaned, areas that need securing, should be secure, emotional tensions should be defused.

Emergency procedure should be enacted without delay, i.e. Fire procedures or bomb scare must reflect the urgency and the building evacuated, and accidents must be dealt with immediately.

All records regarding Health and Safety and Security must be accurate, legible and complete.

There is a Risk Assessment done on each client which includes Moving and Handling, six monthly Fire Safety Evacuation Procedures, Electrical safety checks, Food Hygiene Risk Assessments amongst others to enable a safe environment for Health and Safety and minimise risk.

The Lifting, Moving and Handling Risk Assessments are done on each client. All employees have access to this information and it should be accessed before any physical movement of clients takes place.

Different environments need different Health and Safety measures. In a Kitchen, protective clothing, including coats, aprons and hair nets are necessary. In a bathroom a hoist may be required. Whatever the environment, I would encourage others to have the protective clothing, materials or equipment necessary to carry out the task.

No hazardous activity can take place where there is a Health and Safety danger of an accident or injury. At any potential danger point, the activity is halted immediately and the necessary remedial or emergency action takes place to put the situation right. The area should be sealed of to all until it is safe to return.

The carer should always consult their senior or equal employee in order that their whereabouts are known. This is especially important in the case of a fire where a risk to life may be made, looking for a carer who may have gone out of the building for a reason.

All records regarding Health and Safety and Security must be accurate, legible and complete.


Where there is a health emergency, immediate action is taken to help the injured. Where possible, alert someone and get them to call the emergency services by dialling 999 and requesting an ambulance. Then attempt whatever help that you can manage.

In a Cardiac Arrest this means

Ascertaining Arrest, if no pulse or breathing,

Begin Cardiac Massage

Circulation, get the circulation going by Cardiac massage, around sixty compression’s a minute.

Airway, ensure the airway is clear

Breathing, for both health and safety,put a cloth over the injured’s mouth or nose and blow air into the lungs. Two breaths for every fifteen chest compression’s.

Continue Cardio-Pulmonary massage until help arrives

Support the individual both verbally and physically giving reassurance as well as physical intervention. It may be that the individual needs to be placed in the recovery position, to prevent inhaling vomit, but where there is an indication or risk of a back injury, do not move the individual.

When the ambulance arrives, or someone with first aid skills and training; advise them of what has happened and what you have done, and any other information that is relevant. Assist and support in any way that you are asked.

The area around the injured should be made safe, clear and private as soon as possible during and after the incident

After the incident, when the danger is over, to prevent Post Traumatic Stress, those involved should be offered counselling, support and advice on how to come to terms with the situation.

All records regarding Health and Safety and Security must be accurate, legible and complete.